Supercardioid microphones have a narrower pickup pattern than typical cardioid microphones, meaning they only pick up what is directly in front of them. This makes them great for recording vocals but poor at picking up audio from a moving source.
If you’re in the market for a new microphone, you may have noticed the term “supercardioid” used to describe some mics. What does this mean, and how are these microphones different from other microphone types?
Microphone Polar Patterns Explained
Supercardioid microphones get their name from their unique “polar pattern” (also known as its “pickup pattern”). A microphone’s polar pattern determines how much sound it will pick up from any direction. There are many variations of these polar patterns, but the most common are omnidirectional, figure-of-8, cardioid, supercardioid, and hypercardioid.
As the name hints, an omnidirectional microphone will theoretically pick up sound in all directions. The microphone body can interfere with sounds coming from the rear of the microphone, but these mics essentially pick up sound equally in each direction. A figure-of-8 microphone picks up sound in front of it and behind…
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